Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is an 1818 novel written by English author Mary Shelley. Frankenstein tells the story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. Shelley started writing the story when she was 18, and the first edition was published anonymously in London on 1 January 1818, when she was 20. Her name first appeared in the second edition, which was published in Paris in 1821.
《科学怪人》（英语：Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus），又名《科学怪人：另一个普罗米修斯》，又译作《弗兰肯斯坦》，是西方文学中的第一部科学幻想小说，诞生于日内瓦湖畔，出自英国女作家玛丽·雪莱之手。最初出版于1818年，较为普及的版本是1831年印行的第三版，属于受到浪漫主义影响的哥特小说。后世有部分学者认为这部小说可视为恐怖小说或科幻小说的始祖.